A Basildon Chronology|
1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969|
Keay House in Town Square, Basildon opened. The office block, named after the 1st Chairman of
Basildon Development Corporation, Sir Lancelot Keay, is located at 88 Town Square in three storeys
above shop units 78-104. It became home to various solicitors and there has been a dental practice there
since 1960. For many years Basildon Council had some departments there which would later
relocate to the Basildon Centre. A Town Square regeneration project; begun in 1996 to create a
more open plaza, involved the demolition of part of Keay House that overhung the square. This
also involved the removal or destruction of the west facing coloured mosaic wall mural adorning
an outer wall. This may still exist in one form or another. The building was then renamed Southgate
Blenheim House shopping block at South Walk, Basildon completed. Work on the town centre block of twenty shop units and function hall began in 1958
in two phases. Phase 1, consisting of the function hall and units 1 - 4 was completed during 1959 with the remainder of the units in phase 2 open for
business by autumn 1960. Some of the first traders to open included James Bews florist at No. 2, H.T. Dwyer newsagents at No.3 and toy shop at
Nos. 12 and 13, Wimpy Bar at No.5 and Gertrude's Fashion House at No. 6. The function hall opened in 1961 as the Locarno Ballroom run by Mecca
Dancing Ltd. Two interesting features of the shopping block is the commemoration foundation stone, dated April 29th 1960, laid above the subway
at the eastern end on behalf of the Murryfield Real Estate Company and the 314 foot long mosaic mural by the artist William Gordon above units 5 - 20. The mural
was reputed to be one of the longest in the country but was later replaced in the mid 1990s by the present 'Timeline' one.
Lourdes Hall in Whitmore Way, Fryerns officially opened. The multifunctional hall, which was built
on behalf of the Catholic Church, was also licensed and for many years the home of St. Basil's Catholic
Social Club. In the mid 2000s the Catholic Church sold the site to a property developer who demolished
the hall in 2006. Planning permission was eventually granted for a residential development of 17 houses.
A petrol filling station at Whitmore Way, Fryerns opened. In 1961 a vehicle repair garage on the
same site was completed. For many years it was one of two garages run by Holmes and Smith, the other
being in Great Oaks, Basildon. Years later the station closed for a number of years but reopened sometime
in the 1990s under the Jet brand, though not the repair garage, and has remained open ever since. It is now a Murco
petrol station with Costcutter Express foodstore. A car wash also operates on the same site.
Pitsea and Basildon Congregational Church Hall and Manse officially opened. Built at Honeypot
Lane at the junction with Whitmore Way, the new church hall and manse cost nearly £18,000
of which part was raised through the sale of their previous building in Rectory Park Drive,
Pitsea. Officiating at the opening service was newly appointed minister Rev. E.W. Southey. The
hall was multi-functional sharing the church's social activites with services. In 1972 a union
between the Congregational Church in England and Wales and the Presbyterian Church of England
resulted in the formation of the United Reformed Church which it remains today.
H.R.H. The Duke of Edinburgh visits Basildon to officially switch on a new piece of automated
machinery at the new Carreras Rothmans cigarette making factory in Christopher Martin Road on
the Nevendon Industrial Estate No.1. The duke piloted his own helicopter and was met by the Lord
Lieutenant of Essex, Sir John Archibald Ruggles-Brise. After switching on the machine, an automated,
pneumatic tobacco feed system, he left the factory for a tour of Basildon town centre with Basildon .Development Corporation
Chairman Sir Humfrey Gale.
Basildon Urban District Council vacate some of their departments in Billericay to Keay House,
Town Square, Basildon. The Clerk's, Treasurer's and Engineer's departments made the move to
Basildon where the council have occupation of the 2nd and 3rd floors in accomodation that includes a
committee room. Some departments would remain there until the early 1990s.
Trinity Methodist Church in Timberlog Lane (now 481 Clay Hill Road), Vange opened. Services had previously been held at nearby
Gordon Hall, when the New Town Methodist Church merged with the Free Church in 1954. Rev. Percy D.
Beckwith, Chairman of the London N.E. District performed the service of dedication.
Laindon County Secondary School swimming pool opened. The open-air pool was built at a cost of
around £4,000, part of which came from fund raising events held during the preceding years. Alderman
William Bennett, C.B.E., Vice-Chairman of Essex County Council performed the opening duties. The
pool was eventually roofed over in 1972 and survived to closure of the school (as James Hornsby High)
in 2000. It was then demolished along with the rest of the school in 2007.
The first new library to be built and opened is Fryerns in Whitmore Way.
Fryerns Community Centre in Whitmore Way opened.
Basildon Development Corporation's revised Master Plan to increase the population within the designated area from 80,000 to
106,000 is approved by Henry Brooke, MP, Minister at the Ministry of Housing and Local Government.
Nevendon Service Station in Honywood Road, opened. The garage on opening sold Shell petrol and on-site
Arne Court, Laindon, old people's accommodation opened. The new Council run complex off Holst
Avenue was opened by the Council's chairman W.H. Davies, J.P. The accommodation consists of a
two storey block of 24 bed sitting rooms and a single storey block of 7 bed sitting rooms for
aged couples - linked by a lounge and communal rooms with an upper floor warden flat.
complex is now used as temporary housing for a wide variety of needs.
York Shipley open a refrigeration plant at Gardiners Lane (later Gardiners Lane South) on the No.1 Industrial Estate at Nevendon. York Shipley, whose
name originated from York, Pennsylvania, have since 1956 been part of the Borg-Warner International Group. Employing over 1000 people, including locals
employed on the company's apprenticeship schemes, much of the workforce had relocated to Basildon from their North Circular Road factory in London,
N.W.2. The factory, which occupies a twenty acre site, was later modernised around 1973/4 with an additional 66,950 square feet of floor space. An
additional office building was also constructed at the Cranes Farm Road end. The plant eventually closed in 2006 and the site was completely cleared
during 2007 to make way for a new for a new commercial development.
Waterloo House shopping block at East Walk/South Gunnels in Basildon town centre completed. The three storey block of shops forming even numbers
2 - 20 on the south side of East Walk and odd numbered 1 - 13 on the eastern side of South Gunnels was under construction during 1960 being fully
completed in early 1961. Some of the first traders to occupy the East Walk units were Barclays Bank at No. 2, Shepherd's Restaurant at No. 4, Timpson
shoes at No. 6 and Bermans children's store at 14-20, and in South Gunnels: Martin's newagent at No. 1 and Toni's ice cream parlour at No. 5. It was
designed by architects J. Seymour Harris and Partners and has a foundation stone set in the rear wall laid on April 29th 1960 by Mrs Walter Flack
representing Murryfield Real Estate Company Ltd. An interesting feature is an elevated projection above No.4 which was a restaurant until being taken
over by Barclays Bank in the 1970s. It was later removed during an extensive renovation of the outer building culminating in the 'grand opening' of a Metro
Bank on Friday 21st November 2014.
J.H. Rawley plant hire business established. The Laindon based family run business, specialising in hiring out mechanical and electrial plant, scaffolding
and tools to the building trade, was founded by Jim Rawley and his son Colin and initially run from their builders yard at 77-81 Pound Lane. Jim Rawley
was already well known locally as a builder and contractor and from 13/02/1963 the business was incorporated as J.H. Rawley (Plant Hire) Ltd. and later
in 1968 were one of the first businesses to move into brand new premises on the then under construction Laindon Industrial Estate at Durham Road. Two
shops were also later opened, using the Hireco name, at 133A Nevendon Road, Wickford and 74 High Road, Laindon, which would survive until around
1986. Their plant was a regular sight around the towns' building sites during the construction of the many housing projects then being undertaken by
contractors on behalf of Basildon Development Corporation. The company is now known as Rawley Group Ltd, having had a change of direction in the
early 2000s, and now concentrates on Site Accommodation and Event Toilet Hire. In 2004 they moved to again, though still within Basildon, to Rawley
House, Harvey Road on the Burnt Mills industrial area.
Lee Chapel County Infant and Junior School in The Knares, Lee Chapel South, opened. Miss Sylvia
Lowing is appointed Headmistress of the infant school and remains in charge until April 1981. Mr
W.H. Bell is appointed Headmaster of the junior school. In 1981 the two schools merged to become
Lee Chapel Primary which it remains today. Part of the original school building is now occupied
by the South West Area Education Office.
Broadmayne A1321, Basildon to the outskirts of Pitsea feeder road completed. The road, known as Road 2 on the development corporation's 'Master Plan' for
Basildon, had been constructed in two phases. Phase I was completed as a single carriageway in the 1950s between the Southernhay/Ghyllgrove junction
and the East Mayne roundabout, and this phase, which was duel carriage throughtout, connected to Roundacre roundabout to complete the project.
Fairhouse County Junior School in Long Riding opened. Miss P.M.B. Green is the first appointed
Headmistress. The school is now known as Fairhouse Community Junior School.
Tenants begin moving into newly built properties on the Lee Chapel North housing estate. The 2 and 3 bedroomed houses, part of Phase 1A, are centred
around the eastern end of Great Knightleys, which will become the primary spine road for the whole estate.
The Staneway railway overbridge linking Laindon Link with Lee Chapel South opened to traffic. The bridge, officially
designated 83A over the British Railways run Fenchurch Street to Shoeburyness rail route, is the first new one to cross
the line since the new towns inception. It is built from reinforced concrete to a special design with electric heating to reduce
the effects of winter and other considerations given the ongoing electrification work being undertaken at the time. Its underside
has the date 1961 inscribed into the concrete. An unmanned occupation crossing at Green Lane had its 'right of way' extinguished
around this time. Work on Phase II of the continuation of Staneway (Road 35) beyond The Knares junction to provide a direct feeder link
to the High Road at Langdon Hills was completed in 1966. From the 1990s the bridge crossing
became the starting point for a new road called Mandeville Way.
The Bull public house demolished. This pub and building dated from the 19th century and stood in
Bull Road, Vange (later renamed Clay Hill Road in 1963) and run by brewers Mann, Crossman and
Paulin. It was replaced by a new public house, also called The Bull and run by the same brewery
company which was built about 50 yards to the east on the corner of the new junction with Timberlog
Mopsies Park Recreation Ground at Hockley Road, Barstable completed. The park, which covers around 11 acres, is owned and maintained by Basildon
District Council having been transferred by the development corporation around 1958 when it was just field. It was laid out in two phases. The first, which
included recreation facilities and children's play equipment, was completed the previous year while the remainder of the land, comprising playing field, was
levelled and seeded in preparation for use this year.
F.W. Woolworth & Co Ltd. open a shop at 23 Town Square, Basildon. Prior to opening, from 1958 the
chain store, later branded as Woolworths, offered its goods in a self-service mobile shop adapted
from a London County single dekker bus, painted red and often parked in Market Square. In the 1970s
a stairway at the rear of the shop was built to link the store with the new multi-storey car park. In
2008 with the country in recession Woolworths went into administration and the store closed for business
on Saturday 27th December, 2008. The shop was then divided into two units with Poundland relocating
from 50-52 Town Square into the larger of the two in 2009.
The Mecca Ltd run Locarno Ballroom in Blenheim House, Market Pavement, Basildon opens. With a
standing capacity of around 850 the venue quickly establishes itself on the live entertainment
circuit with bands like The Who, Hermans Hermits, The Kinks, Manfred Mann, The Move and the Dave
Clark Five, who had a weekly Sunday residence for much of 1963, all playing there. From 1970 the
nightclub was renamed Tiffany's through to April 1974 when it re-opened as Raquels where in 1981
Basildon's own Depeche Mode made two appearances. It closed as Club Uropa in January 1998.
Ghyllgrove neighbourhood sub-centre completed. The small sub-centre at Butneys comprising two shops with upper flat accommodation were built by
the development corporation to serve the Ghyllgrove I, II and III housing developments, currently ongoing. Shead's newsagent and confectioner and
Rowe's grocery store are the first traders to open in numbers 1 and 3 respectively.
Basildon bus station in Cherrydown (now Cherrydown East) is formally opened. The old depot at
Bull Road, Vange is demolished to make way for the new neighbourhood shopping centre redevelopment.
The 12:25 pm Fenchurch Street to Shoeburyness rail service was derailed between Laindon and Pitsea resulting in two
fatalities and injuries to forty six others. The eleven coach train carrying around 150 passengers
and hauled by a Class 'B' steam tank locomotive was travelling on the Up line in the Down direction when
it derailed about 1000 yards from Pitsea station. The locomotive, No. 80075, was left on its side
and four of the eleven carriages also left the track during the accident, which occurred at 1:34 pm
during a period of single line operation necessitated by ongoing engineering work to convert the
line to overhead electrification.
Population Census for Basildon district; 48,047.
Mrs Christina Gadsdon, J.P., becomes the first elected woman to serve as Chairman of Basildon Urban
District Council. Mrs Gadsdon, who moved to Wickford in 1937, became a conservative councillor in
1955 representing the No.2 Ramsden/Wickford Ward and was Vice-Chairman for the previous two years.
A temporary Police Station was opened on land adjacent to the present building in Great
Oaks. The beat house at Arterial Road, Nevendon was closed and amalgamated with the Basildon
section here. Later, on 26th March 1963, Pitsea's administrative staff would transfer here
during construction of the new headquarters.
The first traffic lights in Basildon become operational at the Broadmayne junction with Southernhay
and Ghyllgrove. For the early years of Broadmayne's existence the road terminated at a T-junction
which was then extended and duelled to join Roundacre roundabout. The lights were installed at the
completion of the extension, which also included a pedestrian subway to the Ghyllgrove neighbourhood and a short
length of road that merged with the existing single carriageway in the direction of Pitsea. The
lights remain in operation to this day.
Langdon Hills Army Camp regiment to leave. The regiment, 7th A.G.R.A. (A.A.) (Anti Aircraft) (Army Group Royal Artillery), were formed in November 1955
and had been established at Langdon Hills for about four years but were moving to new headquarters at B.A.O.R. (British Army of the Rhine) barracks in
Gütersloh, Germany. The Anti Aircraft unit were also redesignated 7th Artillery Brigade (A.A.) on 4th October as part of the move. Brigade Major A.G.I. Wells thought it
likely another unit would move to the Old Church Hill camp, which was established in the early 1940s during the Second World War.
The new Bull public house in Bull Road (now Clay Hill Road), Basildon opened. Arthur and Teresa
Goldstone are the first licencees having previously lived in the 'old' Bull just yards away. It was
built on behalf of brewers Mann, Crossman and Paulin who positioned a large 'Manns' sign on an outer
wall. The new Bull has two bars and an off licence. Live entertainment on the saloon bar's stage
was a regular feature for many years. It remained open until 1998 by which time it had been renamed
The Powerhouse. After remaining empty for a number of years the building and adjoining car park,
(believed to be subject to a covenant), was fenced off and demolished in August/September 2002 and
replaced with a residential development of flats.
The Commission for the New Towns (CNT) established under provisions in Part II of the New Towns Act, 1959. The commission was created as a
successor to the new town development corporations and undertook all responsibilities for the management of housing stock and other assets, including
disposal. They were wound up in May 1999 following a merge with the corporate functions of the Urban Regeneration Agency, out of which saw the
creation of English Partnerships.
Following British Railways electrification of the London, Tilbury & Southend railway line,
the first electric trains (class 302) begin running on off peak services. These new trains
operating on a 25k V ac overhead power system would very soon replace all steam powered
services; signalling the end of over 100 years of steam services on this line.
Homes for Today and Tomorrow a report of a Sub-committee of the Central Housing Advisory
Committee published. The report, which set out minimum living space requirements for new build homes,
would lead to the Parker Morris standards, later implemented by the development corporation in
1967 and all local authorities from 1969.
The first shops open at Kibcaps, off The Knares at the Lee Chapel South neighbourhood centre. Cottis bakers at No. 3, Smith Bros, newsagent at No. 7,
Vic Sanders dispencing chemist at No. 1 and Townsend greengrocers and florist at No. 6 were some of the first to open.
The Double Six public house in Whitmore Way, Fryerns opened. In the 1980s it became the Flying
Childers but later reverted back to its original name which it remained until closure in the early
2000s. In 2003 the pub was demolished and the land sold for a new residential development of flats.
The first tenants move into properties on the Ghyllgrove 3 housing development. The new 300 home estate off the Gore comprising Brempsons, Rokells and
Roodegate was constructed to a flat roof design on land originally designated for Gloucester Park. The development, containing a mixture of two and
three storey homes and flats, was designed and built on behalf of Basildon Development Corporation but unfortunately soon after completion many of the
properties suffered leaking roofs which had to be replaced costing the Corporation £80,000. As a result of this a Ministry of Housing design award,
presented in 1963, was later withdrawn.
The first factories on the No. 2 Industrial Estate at Pipps Hill reach completion. Constructed on a 114 acre site off Cranes Farm Road, the new estate was
designed to provide a mixture of large sites for established companys seeking to relocate from London and smaller industrial units to attract small
businesses. Among the first businesses to move in are kitchenware manufacturer Spong, who relocated from South Totenham, and petrol pump designer
and manufacturer Gilbarco. The site was built over former residential properties and farmland in Basildon Road, of which three quarters of its original
length was lost in the estate's creation. The new street names introduced comprising: Bentalls, Chester Hall Lane, Crompton Close, Howard Chase, Luckyn Lane,
Miles Gray Road and Winstanley Way, were named after inventors or industrial engineers.
Spong & Co. Limited open a kitchenware manufacturing factory at Crompton Close on the No. 2 Industrial Estate (now Pipps Hill), Basildon. The company,
founded by James Osborn Spong in 1856, is a leading manufacturer of kitchen utencils and wire works, from which mincing machines are perhaps their
most recognized product. The new factory, employing over 200 workers, has around 70,000 square feet of floor space and is one of the first to open on
the partially completed No.2 industrial estate. It replaces the companys former home at Woodville Grove, South Tottenham, London, which had been
considered too small for future expansion. In 1970 the production area was increased by 50% but by 1980, the company, still being run by descendants
of the founder, began to sell off parts of the brand resulting in the eventual closure and sale of the Basildon site later in the same decade. A small area
of the business involving the production of filters for car engines did survive for a time after the company, which had become Spong Holdings plc, was
rebranded as Lion Heart plc and relocated to Repton Close on the Burnt Mills Industrial Estate. The Crompton Close factory site, the front of which has
offices on two storeys, is now addressed as The Gloucesters and sub divided into separate business units. Those trading there now include the Jet
hairdressing academy at No.1, accessed from the main front entrance.
Barton's the Bakers open a new bakery at Paycocke Road on the No.1 industrial estate at Nevendon. The bakery chain, which is named after its founder
and registered as W.J. Barton Ltd, had been supplying Essex since the 1940s from its headquarters at Kemp Road, Dagenham. The company soon established nine
shops within the town; these being at Basildon town centre (3), Fryerns (2), and one each at Barstable, Laindon, Lee Chapel North and Pitsea. The site included a large distribution
and storage depot with up to 80+ delivery vehicles. The bakery and shops survived until around the late 1980s when the company ceased trading. The
Paycocke Road site was later redeveloped and now called Bakers Court in recognition of the former bakery.
The Commodore public house in Timberlog Lane, Barstable opened. The pub, which opened as a Free
House, later became part of the Mann, Crossman & Paulin brewery chain. Among its attractions
is an air conditioned restaurant and live entertainment in the form of Saturday dinner dances. For
many years large Manns letters adorned the public bar's upper outer wooden facia cladding later
being replaced with a large circular Watney Combe Reid sign. The Commodore closed in the 1990s
and was replaced with a residential development of flats named Commodore House, after the former public house.
Ingaway Chapel in Ingaway, Lee Chapel South opened. The chapel was built to replace the undenominational
Ebenezer Gospel Hall which formerly stood in Elizabeth Drive (now Wickhay), Lee Chapel (now Lee
Chapel North) and to which had been issued a Basildon Development Corporation compulsory purchase
order prior to the creation of the Lee Chapel North housing development. In the 2000s the chapel
became Ingaway Evangelical Church.
Basildon Bowling Alley opened. The 26 lane ten pin bowling alley in Southernhay is run by
TransWorld Bowling and called Basildon Bowl. Interior features included a cafe, juke box and
licensed club room. B.D.C. Chairman, Sir Humfrey Gale carried out the opening ceremony. By
1965 it had became Ambassador Bowl, but later in June 1975 was taken over by Basildon Council,
reduced to 10 lanes, and renamed to Basildon Bowl again. The remainder of the building was
refurbished and taken over by Coral Social Clubs Ltd. for use as a bingo hall. During the 1980s the
facility closed and the bingo hall was extended to encompass the remainder of the building. It
is still a bingo hall and now called Gala.
Fairhouse County Infant School in Long Riding, Barstable opened. Mrs C.M. Kirby is the first appointed Headteacher. The new school, which takes its
name from a former farm that once stood in the area, shares the site with the neighbouring Fairhouse Junior School. In the 1990s the school's name changed to
Fairhouse Community Infant School, which it remained until September 2017 when the school amalgamated with the junior school to become Fairhouse
Springfield County Infant and Junior School in Honeypot Lane opened. The school was built as a
temporary one and closed in the 1980s. The first Headmaster of the junior school is Mr. K.H.
Duckworth and Mrs. F. Patis is the first Headmistress of the infant school. The school was
demolished soon after closure. The site remained empty for a number of years until the 1990s
when an older persons residential development called Ghyllgrove Close was built.
Barstable Grammar and Technical School in Timberlog Lane (now Timberlog Close) opened. The
new school for 750 pupils was the second and last grammar school to open in the new town. The
first Headmaster was Mr. Geoffrey Whitehead. In September 1968, following the reorganisation of local
education, the school merged with nearby Timberlog Secondary Modern to become Barstable Comprehensive. Following
the merger the Timberlog building became the lower school until the original Barstable site was enlarged,
allowing the lower school to be sold off for a housing development towards the late 1990s. On 30th
March, 1993 the main block became a Grade II listed building. In 2005 the school became Federated
with Chalvedon and from 1st September, 2009 the school was renamed Basildon Lower Academy and accommodating
students between the ages 11-14.
Basildon Fire Station in Great Oaks officially opened. Chairman of Essex County Council, Alderman
George F. Chaplin, C.B.E., J.P., conducted the ceremony. Also in attendance was local U.D. Council
Chairman, Mrs. Christina Gadsdon, J.P., and representatives of the development corporation. The
Essex County Fire Brigade station was built at a cost of around £50,000 and manned by nearly 40
fireman. A new fire engine with turntable ladder was also provided. The station had become operational
from 8th December 1961 when the Laindon building was formally closed and the appliances transferred
The last steam train to run between London and Southend was the 18:10 Fenchurch Street to
Thorpe Bay service.
All services on the London, Tilbury & Southend railway are now solely operated by electric
trains following the withdrawal of steam locomotion.
Southend Motor & Aero Co. Ltd. open a vehicle service station at Southernhay in Basildon. The Southend based company known by its initials S.M.A.C.
established an Austin / Morris dealership (British Motor Corporation) car showroom, workshop and Mobil petrol filling station. In 1989 the SMAC group was acquired by
leading car dealership operators Lookers, who sold Austin Rover models, but eventually closed the site, including the petrol station, when the brand
ceased to make models in the late 1990s. The site then became Motor Market selling second hand vehicles until that too closed around the early 2000s
leaving the site empty for a number of years. A property developer eventually bought the site and erected a nine storey block of luxury flats called
The Icon, which was completed in 2008.
The Mother and Child water fountain sculpture in Town Square, Basildon unveiled. It was commissioned
in 1959 by the Development Corporation to symbolise the growth of Basildon as a New Town. The
design was by Paris born sculptor Maurice Lambert R.A. (25/06/1901 - 17/08/1964) and finished in
bronze. It was later adopted in 1974 as the symbol to represent Basildon Council and now has Grade
II listed status.
14 Storey, 84 flats, residential tower block, Brooke House in North Gunnels, Basildon Town Centre opened. It
was named after then Conservative Minister for Housing, Henry Brooke, MP., (09/04/1903 - 29/03/1984),
and stands 161 feet tall and 48ft wide. It is supported by sixteen, twenty seven feet high,
V-shaped angled stilted reinforced concrete columns (in pairs of two) which merge together to
form eight piloti at ground level each continuing on to a 45 feet pile foundation. The accommodation
features four single-bedroom and two double-bedroom flats to each floor, all with underfloor heating,
a basement garage for 53 cars and two high speed lifts. It was designed by Anthony B. Davies, F.R.I.B.A.,
chief architect and planner to Basildon Development Corporation, (consulting adviser: Sir Basil
Urwin Spence, (13/08/1907 - 19/11/1976)), in a Modernist style and constructed by Holland, Hannen
and Cubbitts at a cost of £283,000. The structural engineers were London based Arup and Partners
(Ove N. Arup etc.). Sir John Ruggles-Brise, Lord Lieutenant of Essex performed
the opening ceremony. Three shop units numbered 29, 31 and 33 Town Square, also formed part of
the overall development, then known as Block K3, and completed by the same construction company. On
22nd December 1998 Brooke House was given Grade II listed building status by English Heritage.
Lee Chapel South Community Hall in The Knares opened. The new hall proved very popular with varied
entertainment for everyone including a childrens' Saturday morning film club.
Ghyllgrove County Junior School in The Gore, opened. The first appointed Headmaster was Mr. Eric Rand, who previously
held the post at Laindon Park Primary School. The school is now known as Ghyllgrove Community
Infant and Junior School.
Cranes Farm Road is opened to through traffic. The new 'feeder' road linking Upper Mayne with Nevendon Road (now East Mayne) was built to serve the
two industrial estates and the future tractor plant site. The first section to Gardiners Lane (now Gardiners Lane South) had been completed in 1959 as a
single carriageway, though the final section linking to the Upper Mayne roundabout is mainly duelled. The road, identified as 'Road 6' on Basildon Development
Corporation's area plan and later designated A1235, took its name from the former farm which stood at its eastern end and was lost in the creation of the
The first tenants move into Brooke House tower block in Basildon town centre. Myles and Janette
Godfrey are the first to occupy the block at No.53 in a two bedroomed flat. Mr Godfrey is the son
of the Godfrey chemist chain founder.
An experimental housing scheme involving 18 homes began at Knights on the Lee Chapel North housing development. The system built homes, numbered
9-25 (odd) and 28-44 (even), were designed by the chief architect planner to Basildon Development Corporation, Anthony B. Davies, A.R.I.B.A., as a pilot
scheme involving a new swedish developed building material called Siporex. The homes were assembled on-site using grey pre-cast sections
manufactured in Scotland by the Costain Concrete Co. Ltd, a subsidairy of Richard Costain the main contractor employed in their construction. The small
estate was completed in August 1963 and in the following year work commenced on the main project; the 950 home Laindon 1, 2 and 3 estate, which was
built to the same methods. Years later in the 1990s the Knights doctor's surgery was established at No.32.
Church of St. Martin-le-Tours in Pagel Mead, Basildon officially opened. The Bishop of
Chelmsford, Rt. Rev. John Tiarks, conducted the consecration service. It was designed by Billericay
architect Trena Cotton and cost £40,000 to build. A foundation stone had earlier been laid
on 15/10/1960 by then Chairman of Basildon Development Corporation, Lt Gen. Sir Humfrey Gale. Pagel
Mead was later renamed St. Martin's Square.
The Van Gogh public house opened. Situated in Paycocke Road on the Nevendon Industrial Estate
the new public house and restaurant is unusual in that is on the first floor above lower business
premises. Film, radio and television star Richard "Stinker" Murdoch was amongst the guests on the opening
night. It is named in part after the 19th century dutch painter Vincent Willem van Gogh. Live
entertainment was a regular feature which peaked in the late 1970s with a weekly Thursday evening
promotion called "Upstairs at Turkans". Future stars Alison Moyet and Martin Gore were regulars
in their respective bands, namely The Vandals and Norman and the Worms. The first proprietor of
the new Free House is Mr. Johnny Blake who also serves as a town councillor for the Barstable
Ward. From around 1984 the venue went through a succession of names begining with The Factory (Discotheque) which
then became Hats Nightclub followed in the 1990s by Monroes and finally Piccadilly Night Club to closure
around the early 2000s.
Southend Waterworks Company open a new reservoir at Staneway, Lee Chapel South. The covered
reservoir, located off the course of the former Green Lane, was the first of two in the area,
the second being built on an adjacent field in the early 1990s, and is now owned and operated
by Essex and Suffolk Water.
Shops at the Bull Parade neighbourhood centre at Clay Hill Road, Vange begin opening. The 8 shop units comprising odd numbers 453 to 467 Clay Hill
Road were built by Basildon Development Corporation to serve the ongoing housing developments in the Vange area. Work commenced on the single
storey block of 7 units and one detached to the rear of the main development the previous year on a site adjacent to the Bull public house, which had
been rebuilt on a new site in 1961. Among the first to open were Seely butchers at No. 459, Beaumont's newsagent at No. 461 and R.L. Statham greengrocer
and fruiterer at No. 457. The new shops replaced a small row of 5 shops in the former Bull Road (now clay Hill Road) which had previously served the
area from at least the 1940s.
Cranes Farm Road pedestrian bridge opened. The bridge linking Honey Pot Lane in Ghyllgrove to the Cranes Farm Road cycle path routes was built
primarily for cyclists working at either of the two industrial estates. It was later removed and replaced with a subway, which still exists today.
Bull Road, Vange and a section of Timberlog Lane between Basildon Bridge (Gales Corner) and the
junction with High Road/London Road, Vange is renamed Clay Hill Road. Clay Hill Road prior to
the change had ended at its junction with Church Road.
Basildon Boys Club founded. The clubs' headquarters in Fairview Road was built at a cost of
£10,000 and formally opened by the local MP. Edward Gardner, QC., on 7th January 1964. Table tennis,
billiards and boxing equipment were some of the activities available at the new hall which was also
used by the Basildon Drum and Trumpet Corps for their rehearsals. The club is still active though
now based at Barleylands where football has become their predominant activity.
Great Oaks Clinic in Great Oaks, Basildon opened. Prior to opening a Basildon Clinic had existed
at 119 Honeypot Lane, Fryerns.
Her Majesty's Stationary Office, (H.M.S.O.) in The Gore, Basildon opened. The new offices and block
was constructed by Richard Costain Ltd. Prior to opening from around 1958 the office had been at
Bowlers Croft on the Nevendon industrial estate.
The Owl and Pussycat public house in Clay Hill Road opened. The new public house and off licence
was built alongside the neighbourhood centre and serves the Kingswood area of Basildon. In the 1980s
it was renamed Lears after the English artist, author and poet Edward Lear (12/05/1812 – 29/01/1888) who
in 1871 published a nonsense poem called The Owl and the Pussycat from whose title the pubs original
name derives. The change though was shortlived and the pub reverted back to its original name.
The Basildon Players amateur dramatics group formed. Still active today, their roots can be traced
back to the Langdon Players. Founder member Jack Lockheart later became chairman in 1970.
The first Essex County Council run Day Nursery opened. Situated at the main shopping centre at
Fryerns the new nursery building cost £25,000 and has places for up to 50 children under the age
of five supervised by 14 members of staff.
Great Oaks Service Station in Great Oaks, Basildon opened. The new petrol filling station, vehicle service
centre and car showroom was operated by Holmes & Smith as a Basildon division of the main business based at London
Road, Southend-on-Sea. The company, which was also a main dealer to the Rootes Group (Hillman, Humber, Sunbeam) and
later Chrysler organisation, would remain at Great Oaks until the 1980s. They also operated a second garage at Whitmore
Way offering similiar facilities.
Roundacre Service Station in Nether Mayne, Basildon completed. The new petrol filling station, vehicle service centre and car showroom was initially run
by Southend Motor and Aero Company who sold second hand cars and new Austin and other B.M.C. models. It was later taken over by Normand Garages
Ltd. who were a main dealer of Vauxhall / Bedford models. In the 1980s the workshops and car showrooms were demolished to create a larger forecourt
which now includes a car wash and a larger payment kiosk which doubles as a food convenience store. It is now one of only two petrol stations in the
main town centre area and run by BP.
Mundy House, residential care home for the aged and infirm, at Church Road, Fryerns is officially
opened. The Essex County Council run retirement home is set in two acres of extensive grounds
and has accommodation for around sixty people. It took in its first residents in 1962 and has a
permanent on-site warden. Government Health Minister, Enoch Powell, MP., was the guest of honour
at the opening ceremony. It is named after Edgar Arthur Mundy who lived at Hadleigh and served
for years as an Essex County Councillor and County Alderman.
Holy Trinity Catholic Church Hall at Long Lynderswood, Lee Chapel North, Basildon opened. The new building,
for use as a temporary church with seating for 300 and built at a cost of around £14,000, is
situated on the fringe of Lee Chapel North adjacent to Long Lynderswood. The Bishop of Brentwood,
Bernard Patrick Wall officiated the dedication service and the Very Rev. Canon Michael John Mckenna
took the first Mass service. A regular Sunday service began in May, having previously been held
at Kingswood community hall, and this lasted through to 1972 when a new church hall was built in
nearby Wickhay. In 1980, and on the same site, a new church and presbytery was completed and now
called the Most Holy Trinity. The former church hall at Roundacre remained unused for a number of
years and suffered neglect and vandalism and possible demolition before being taken over by Basildon
Council and renamed Roundacre Youth House. During this time it was used as an entertainment venue
for live bands, stage productions, youth disco's and various other activities. It closed during the 2010s,
having become S.P.A.C.E. for young people, and was demolished during October 2017 when the site was
acquired by Basildon Council as a potential site for a residential block of flats.
Basildon Swimming Club founded. Basildon Sports Council initiated an inaurgural public meeting
at Timberlog County Secondary School where An Acting Committee was formed. Gwyn Thomas was appointed
Acting Chairman and membership, although small on the night within three weeks and further public
meetings had risen to over a hundred. The sports council also gifted the club with £5 to assist
with initial administrative expenses. From 1968 the club were based at Gloucester Park swimming
pool until it closed in 2011. In 2010 they amalgamated with another Basildon swimming club called
Phoenix to become Basildon & Phoenix Swimming Club. The club is now based at the Basildon Sporting
Village in Gloucester Park, Basildon.
Manor Junior School swimming pool opened. The new pool which was built at a cost of £1,300 has
a depth of 3ft and was many years in the planning. 1962 British Empire and Commonwealth Games bronze
medalist swimmer Elizabeth (Liz) Long was the special guest invited to perform the opening ceremony.
Craylands County Senior School swimming pool opened. The open-air pool, situated in the quadrangle, was
opened by the Headmaster Mr. Edward Haynes. It still appeared to be in use in the late 1970s but
at the time of the schools' closure had been filled in.
Basildon town centre Crown Post Office in East Square opened. The new purpose built building
cost around £190,000 and was formally opened by the Assistant Postmaster General, Raymond Llewellyn
Mawby, MP. The main building also initially housed Inland Revenue on three of its five floors. A
temporary post office, located in an East Square shop unit, had prior to opening been in use from about
1960. The main Crown post office in High Road Laindon had been Basildon Head Post Office since
1954 and on opening reverted back to its original Laindon name.
South Essex Motors service station opens in Cherrydown, Basildon. The Ford main dealer
complex includes an Esso petrol station, car showroom, workshops and parts department. The
dealership was later renamed Essex Ford. In the late 1960s a seven storey office block was
added to the site. This new building remained unoccupied for many years until being given the
name Essex House, and was home to among others Social Services, before being demolished in the
Bowers United's new football ground at Gun Meadow, Bowers Gifford officially opened. The club, which was founded in 1946, had been forced to move
from their previous home at Pitsea, which was wanted by the development corporation for a town centre regeneration scheme. The club's President
Roger Howard, son of the late Pitsea dairy farmer and landowner Harold Howard, was the special guest to cut the ribbon, after which a special match
against a Basildon Football League XI took place which Bowers won 2-1.
Nicholas County Secondary school in Leinster Road, Laindon opened. First Headmaster appointed
is Mr John Goodier. An indoor swimming pool was a later addition, which opened on 1st October
1968, as was a long rectangular three story block, completed in the late 1960s. The school would
survive in name to August 1998. After an extensive refurbishment programme the school reopened
in September 2000 as the James Hornsby High School.
The Castle Mayne public house opened. The new pub, sited at The Knares in Lee Chapel South was
designed by noted architect Ernest Brander Musman of Musman and Cousens. Its name originates
from a crenallated farm house, occupied and in use as a dairy farm until the 1950s by Mrs. Mary
Ellen Chattaway, that once stood close by. The opening ceremony was attended by members of the
Whitbread Brewery Co. and the General Manager of Basildon Development Corporation, Charles
Boniface who unfurled a Union Jack to reveal the pub's forecourt sign. The brewery company
chose the name from a number of suggestions submitted by Tom O'Connor, senior engineer of the
development corporation. Incorporated within the building was an off-licence. The Lounge bar
has a stage which regularly features live entertainment throughout the year.
Shops at the Lee Chapel North neighbourhood centre at Ballards Walk completed. The 10 shop units comprising odd numbers 29 to 47 Ballards Walk
were built by Basildon development Corporation to serve the then ongoing housing developments within the area. Work began on the 10 units, 9 of which
are in a single row and the other being detached on a side approach walkway, earlier in the year with the first shops opening in November followed by
others in December. Among the first to open were Peters Hair Fashions at No.29, Harrington the Butcher at No.35, a branch of Forbuoys
newsagents at No.39 and Burles hardware and sub-post office at No.43. Wally Broughall shoe repairer was the first to occupy the detached shop at
No.47, which in the 1980s became Adam's Fish Bar.
Ghyllgrove Community Centre at Butneys, Basildon completed. Situated adjacent to the shops, the centre was provided by Basildon Development
Corporation as a social centre for the new community, recently established at Ghyllgrove. The licensed building was later named the Barnet Centre and
regularly features live entertainment and other social activities.
Basildon Police Station in Great Oaks becomes operational. Construction company Costain were
involved in its construction. Prior to its opening a small temporary single storey station was
constructed in Great Oaks and in use from the early 1960s. In 1984 a mobile police station was
placed in Town Square adjacent to Market Pavement and this later moved to the East Square steps
where it remained until the mid 2000s.
Basildon Urban District Council transfer some of their departments to temporary demountable style
buildings at Fodderwick in the town centre. The site, which was later expanded, would remain in
council use until the 1990s when it was finally cleared for the Westgate Shopping Park development.
Douglas Galloway, R.I.B.A., succeeds Anthony B. Davies as Chief Architect Planner to Basildon Development Corporation. One of Anthony B. Davies
lasting achievements was the construction of Basildon's highest building Brooke House, completed in 1962 and now Grade II listed.
Television manufacturer and broadcasting company Rediffusion London Ltd. begin installing a cable
and piped television service into all Basildon Development Corporation homes. This new 'aerial
less' service utilised the basement of the town centre tower block Brooke House which also
provided the necessary height for the aerials which were erected on the roof. The system was
designed to eliminate the appearance of "unsightly" television aerials and thus giving the new
housing estates a less cluttered look and was still being installed in new homes well into the
1980s. The system, which was relayed to a wall mounted channel selector box marked A to L, proved
very popular being extended to Urban District Council tenants from 1967. The service also included
BBC radio stations and, from 1978, Radio Basildon. The selector box choice was as follows: A-BBC1,
B-BBC2, C-ITV (London), D-ITV (Anglia), E-G (BBC Radio (from 30/09/1967 Radio 2, 3 and 4)). By
the late 1970s this had become A-Radio Basildon (later Sky 1 TV), B-BBC2, C-ITV (Southern) and from
1982-Channel 4, D-ITV (Thames + LWT), E-BBC1, F-ITV (Anglia), G-Radio 4, H-Radio 2 and I-Radio 3. In
the late 1980s the service was taken over by Metro Cable followed around 1995 by CDA Communications,
based at Bentalls, but by the early 2000s with the advent of underground cable networks, satellite communications and
a relaxing of aerial rules had all but rendered the service obsolete.
Land at Marsh Road, Pitsea purchased by Basildon District Council. The land was later used for tipping, water recreational purposes and light
industry. It is now the site of Wat Tyler Country Park
Basildon Urban District Council establish a nursery at Pound Lane, Laindon. The nursery site, of around three acres, had been acquired this year from a
single land owner as a replacement for the council's former site at Kennel Lane, Billericay which was wanted by South Green Primary School for their
new playing field. In the late 1990s the council closed the nursery and developed the land into a small housing estate built around Nursery Gardens.
The Five Bells roundabout at Vange becomes operational. The existing course of the road, which
forms part of the A13 route, was retained and a new Fobbing junction created off a new straight
section linking London Road to Southend Road. By virtue of the two straight lengths the roundabout
was oval in shape with an open water culvert running diagonallly through the majority of the centre
land. In the early 1970s an additional junction was created when the A13 Vange and Pitsea bypass
opened. Another A13 bypass completed in May 1993 saw the road re-routed west of the Five Bells from
Morley Hill and an underpass and three smaller roundabouts were created which replaced the existing roundabout.
The Play Leadership Scheme for children up to 14 introduced by Basildon Council. The first centre
opened at Fryerns and soon sites at Ghyllgrove, Laindon and Wickford were operating. The schemes
popularity later prompted the council to build permanent centres at Clay Hill Road (Kingswood),
Laindon Link (Markhams Chase), Roodegate (Gloucester Park), Worthing Road (Laindon), Kent View Road
(Vange) and Mill Green (Chalvedon). It continued to run well into the 1980s but was later replaced
with a new Playweb children's holiday club scheme for those aged between 5 and 12.
Basildon Ambulance station in Great Oaks opens. The opening ceremony was performed by the Chairman
of Basildon Council, Councillor Alf Dove. The station had previously been attached to the area clinic
adjacent to Craylands County Secondary School in Timberlog Lane (later Craylands).
Ford Motor Company open their new Tractor Plant factory in Cranes Farm Road on a 100 acre
site. Tractor production began later in the year and the plant was officially opened on 27th
April 1965. Its 125ft "onion" shaped water tower, holding 200,000 gallons, has since become a local
landmark. Prior to opening, the company's Dagenham site had been home to tractor plant
production since 1933. In 1986 following an amalgamation with Sperry New Holland the operation became
Ford New Holland and from 1991 Fiat New Holland when Ford sold off the remaining interest in
their tractor division. Today it is owned by Case-New Holland (CNH) after a business takeover
of Case Corporation in 1999.
Basildon Central Library opens in Fodderwick. The new library provided by Essex County Council
opened in a temporary building attached to other temporary demountable style buildings for use as
offices by Basildon Council. Mr. N.D. Humphries was appointed as chief librarian. The library
later moved to a new temporary detached building, also located in Fodderwick, before moving again,
this time to a permanent location in the newly completed Basildon Centre in Pagel Mead (later St.
Martin's Square) in 1989.
Sir John Stuart Macpherson, G.C.M.G. succeeds Sir Humfrey Gale as Chairman of Basildon Development
Corporation. Sir Humfrey retired on 31/03/1964.
Basildon councillors hold their first meeting in the new temporary council chamber at Fodderwick
in the town centre. Meetings were previously held at Keay House (later renamed Southgate House)
in Town Square. Although temporary, this arrangement would last for 25 years to the opening of the Basildon
Centre in 1989.
The Plough and Tractor public house at 186 Great Knightleys, Lee Chapel North opened. In attendance
at the official opening was Major A.G. Mann, managing director of the brewery company Mann, Crossman &
Paulin. A large "Manns" sign adorned an outer wall for many years. It was built by J.M. Hill
& Sons Ltd of either Wembley or Ampthill. Included in the design was a stage for live attractions, an upstairs
'Hayloft Bar', and an off licence, which later closed in the early 1980s. For a time in the
1980s the main saloon area was halved, creating an extra bar, and around 1987 the pub had a
name change, becoming The Stores for a number of years into the early 1990s, but has since
reverted back to its original name. Mr. & Mrs. Gerry and Joan Stovell were the first publicans.
15th Century farmhouse Laindon Hall in Church Hill destroyed by fire. The building was empty at
the time and listed on the Ministry of Works buildings of historic interest list.
Prime Minister of the day, Sir Alec Douglas-Home visits Basildon town centre. He was escorted
around the town by Council Chairman, Percy Saunders, local MP. Edward Gardner, Q.C. and
Development Corporation Chairman, Sir John Macpherson.
The Bull's Eye public house in Southernhay, Basildon opened. Run by brewers Cope's Taverns the
pub features two ground level bars and an upper level ballroom capable of holding 250 people. The
upper ballroom also doubles as a 200 seat dining hall. The upper level was later extended and
the restaurant was run as a Mr Toby Carvery. The name of the pub was suggested by Norman Hack of
St. Michael's Avenue, Pitsea who entered it in a name-that-pub competition held in March 1963 by
brewer's Charrington and the Basildon Recorder newspaper. Around 1999 it was renamed The Beehive,
coincidentally one of the suggestions in the original name-that-pub competition. In 1999 the upper
bar area became Colors Nightclub.
The Church of Saint Gabriel opens in Rectory Road, Pitsea. The new Church of England church was
built as a replacement for St. Michael's Church on land that once formed part of Shophouse Farm. It
was designed by Southend architect Donald M. Corder, A.R.I.B.A. and features a steel spire clad
in fibre glass reflecting the three points of the trinity. Pinewood pews to seat 350 were obtained
from a disused north London congregational church in Harlesden and a bell, cast at Whitechapel in
1866, was another additional find. Its unique 12-sided design are said to represent the 12
apostles. A foundation stone was laid the previous year on 21st September by Rev. E.W. Grevatt,
the former Rector of Pitsea who purchased the land in 1928 on which the church was built. Its name
already had an association with the area, St. Gabriel's chapel, now long since demolished, having once existed
in Rectory Road. The service of consecration was carried out by the Bishop of Chelmsford, Rt. Rev. John Tiarks in the
presence of Rev. Arthur Harvey, Rector of Pitsea. Rev. E.W. Grevatt was amongst the congregation. A.D.
Jackson and Son were the contractors used in its construction. The first wedding took place on
Blessed Anne Line Roman Catholic Primary School in Wickhay opened. The school, built in Lee Chapel
North at Wickhay, is named after the English martyr Anne Line who lived (c.1563 – 27th February 1601). The
school was later extended when a separate infant school opened in 1968. The first Headmaster was
Mr James J.V. Fox, a former history teacher from nearby Woodlands secondary, who remained in charge
until his retirement in 1988. The schools' name was later changed to St. Anne Line when Pope Paul
VI granted permission for forty martyrs from England and Wales to be canonised on 25th October 1970.
A new scout campsite is established called Kingston Ridge off Lee Chapel Lane, Langdon Hills. It becomes
the new home of Basildon Scouts who previously, from 10/09/1961, had used a site in Pipps Hill Road,
Laindon. The site of around 7 acres was acquired in 1963 through Basildon Development Corporation
and initial occupation was on a three-year lease which was then extended. The area - much of it
dense woodland and scrub - was cleared by members of the Local Association of scouts. Tom Parrinder,
International Commissioner for Essex, officially opened the site on a special weekend attended by
various scout and cub groups including Holy Cross. Others in attendance included council chairman
Bert Saunders and the president and chairman of the Local Association of scouts Elizabeth Gregory
and Derek Spurging. The site is still in use today.
Markhams Chase County Infant' & Junior School in Laindon renamed Janet Duke in honour of the former headmistress's
31 years service.
Lee Chapel North Community Centre officially opened. The new facility at Ballards Walk
attracted a large gathering which included recently retired headmistress of Markhams Chase
primary school, Janet Duke, who gave out prizes. Basildon Development Corporation chairman
Sir John Macpherson carried out the official opening ceremony. The hall soon proved popular with
all age groups who enjoyed a varied programme of activities that included the senior citizens Darby and
Joan Club afternoons and an early evening disco for the under 16s called Tuesday Club (later becoming Wednesday
Club in the mid 1970s). A children's Saturday morning film show was another popular attraction which ran until September
1971 when the ABC cinema opened in the town centre.
Mr. Edward Gardner Q.C. (later Sir) (35,347) re-elected Conservative MP for the Billericay constituency
including Basildon. Majority 1,592. Labour win General Election.
H.R.H. The Queen Mother opens Southwood Court in Great Spenders, Basildon as retirement homes for
the Printers Pension Corporation. Also in attendance was the president of the charity, the
late Sir Billy Butlin, founder of Butlins holiday camps.
Joe Morgan, Labour councillor for the Barstable Ward, is
appointed as the first Leader of Basildon Council.
Ford Tractor Plant in Cranes Farm Road, Basildon officially opened. The first production
models to be assembled are the Ford 2000, 3000, 4000 and 5000 series from the all new 6x range of tractors.
Standard Telephones and Cables (S.T.C.) open a
purpose built factory at Miles Gray Road on the Industrial Estate No. 2. The governments Postmaster
General The Rt. Hon. Anthony Wedgewood Benn MP. carried out the opening duties at the new factory
which was built at a cost of £2½ million. The company, which began as Western Electric in
1883, moved to Basildon from Henley Road, North Woolwich where they had occupied a factory since
the turn of the century. They became S.T.C. in 1925 following a takeover by ITT. In the 1990s the
site was levelled and the Argos distribution centre now stands in its place.
The Who (pop group) perform at Mecca's Locarno Ballroom in Market Pavement. The group appears there twice more on 18th March
and 2nd September 1966. The Kinks had earlier played the venue on September 4th 1964, and in 1982, Culture Club, fronted by Boy George,
would appear there, by which time the venue was known as Raquels.
The New Towns Act, 1965 receives Royal Assent. This Act
is a revision of the original 1946 Act.
Kingdom Hall in Tylers Avenue, Laindon
dedicated. The new hall, costing £2,500, was built and funded by voluntary contributions from
local members of the Jehovah Witness congregation. Previously meetings were held in a hall in
Laindon High Road.
Bluehouse County Infants' and Junior School at
Leinster Road, Laindon opened. Mr. H.C. Goodwin is appointed Headmaster of the junior achool
and Mrs. J.L.G. Wilson is the infant schools' first Headmistress. In 2003 the school closed and
reopened as The Phoenix Primary.
Chalvedon County Comprehensive school in
Wickford Avenue, Pitsea opened. Chalvedon is the first Comprehensive school to open in the
Basildon District. Mr. Robert Ford is appointed the school's first Headmaster.
Basildon Round Table hold their first charity
Firework Fiesta on a site adjacent to Laindon Link in Lee Chapel North. The display attracted
around 2,000 people who saw around £50 worth of fireworks set off. The event would continue here
through to the early 1970s before transferring to Markhams Chase Recreation Ground and then finally
moving to Gloucester Park, where it remained until 2013 when due to building work it was held at
Northlands Park, Pitsea.
Alma Hatt is appointed as the first Town Manager
of Basildon Urban District Council. His appointment, the second of its kind in local government,
followed many years as Clerk of the Council after succeeding Mr. A.D. Cheshire in 1944 but was cut
short when he suffered a heart attack at work and died shortly afterwards in December at a London
hospital. He is remembered in Billericay where a pedestrian pathway linking High Street with Chapel
Street was named Alma Link.
The Basildon town centre clock unveiled. Costing £4,800, this modern and possibly unique clock
stands 34ft high atop a polished tubular stainless steel column. The 6ft diameter sphere, which is also manufactured
from rolled stainless steel, has four faces making it visible from all points of the compass. Its outward appearance
was designed by the chief architect and planner to Basildon Development Corporation, Douglas Galloway, while the clock's
internal mechanism and hands are the work of clock specialist John Vernon. It was built by a London company Convair Time and Electronics Limited
of Farringdon Road, E.C.1. Unfortunately the clock has proved problematic with all four faces often out of synchronisation,
and had rarely, if at all by the 2000s, told the time. It was also fitted with chimes but the
mechanism may have been disabled due to technical faults as it hasn't been heard in years. In late
August early September 2007 the clock was taken down as part of a refurbishment of Town Square
that also saw the removal of the High Pavement escalator. It was then sent away for repair and
returned to the town centre on Tuesday 30th March, 2010 at its new location in St. Martin's Square.
Pitsea Market is acquired by Basildon Development Corporation. The market in Station Lane, which had been in private ownership since opening in
the 1920s, was sold as the corporation had plans to relocate it as it was currently on land proposed for a new flyover for the South Mayne 'feeder road',
linking Basildon Town Centre with Pitsea.
Yardley of London cosmetics factory at Miles Gray Road becomes fully operational. This all new purpose built factory at 4 Miles Gray Road on the No. 2
Industrial Estate (now Pipps Hill), took over as the company's production headquarters following a decision taken some years earlier to relocate to
Basildon from their former home at Stratford, east London. The entire site, covering around 19 acres, included outdoor recreational facilities, a boiler
house and associated landmark chimney and an extensive car park. A four storey office block was later added in 1969. The company, famous for its
English Lavender line of perfumes, had begun migrating its staff to Basildon the previous year, with many moving into recently completed housing
David H. Taylor is appointed as the second Town Manager of Basildon Urban District Council. He succeeds
the late Alma Hatt who briefly held the post to December, 1965.
Eric Moonman (40,013) elected Labour MP for the Billericay constituency including Basildon. Majority
1,642. Labour win General Election.
Basildon Development Corporation 17th annual report for the period 1st April 1965 to 31st March 1966 announces their house building programme has
exceeded 14,000 units. The building programme had commenced in 1950 with the first properties at Redgrave Road in Vange ready for occupation
by June the following year.
Laindon Garage traffic police headquarters opened at Chaplin Close, Laindon. The new purpose built facility replaces the previous Arterial Road base, which
had become cramped and out-of-date. Built at a cost of £68,000 it includes full workshop facilities and has a staff of around 25 officers of various rank. During
the Fire Brigades Union strike of 2002/2003 a British Army Bedford RLHZ 'Green Goddess' was stationed there for up to eight days.
Graham Bonney becomes the first Basildon pop artist to have a hit record. His recording of the
song 'Supergirl', released by Columbia records on 18th February, spent five weeks in the UK
top 40 peaking at No.19. His subsequent releases failed to chart, but the former Basildon boy,
born Graham Bradly, who once lived at 50 Beeleigh East on the Fryerns estate, continues to be successful on the continent, particularly in Germany.
Basildon Development Corporation revised Master Plan
for a Basildon population of 140,000 by 2001 is submitted to the Minister of Housing and Local Government,
Mr Anthony Greenwood. It was prepared by the corporation's chief architect planner Douglas Galloway
in association with the chief engineer Mr. H.F. Bryant and the chief finance officer, Mr G.R. Rawes.
Chowdhary County Infant School in Markhams Chase, Laindon opened. Mrs. V.P. Griffiths is appointed
as the schools first Headmistress. The school is named after a popular local doctor Dharm Sheel Chowdhary (1902-1959), who for over 25 years kept a practice at
High Road, Laindon. In 1979 the infant and junior schools merged becoming Chowdhary County Primary.
Bardfield County Primary School in Clay Hill Road, Vange, opened. Miss I. Whenn is the first
appointed Headmistress at the school which has two infant and two junior classes for the 117
children, many of whom transferred from Swan Mead and Pitsea schools. For many years the school
was run as an infant and junior until January 2002 when the school became a primary again after the
infant and junior schools amalgamated.
G.P.O. (General Post Office) purpose built automatic telephone exchange at Long Riding, Basildon opened. On opening
the exchange handled 3,500 lines which had increased to 10,000 by 1972. The three-storey building
was later refurbished and an additional storey was added around 1980. The new exchange was built
as an addition to the manual exchange at Winstanley Way, Basildon which employed telephonists
for all directory enquiries, service faults and emergency service calls.
Parker Morris Standards of minimal living space in new build homes within all United Kingdom 'New
Towns' becomes mandatory. This was extended in 1969 to include council housing.
Properties on the Laindon I, II and III housing development completed. The new 950 home estate of rented accommodation comprised of 2, 3, and 4
bedroomed houses and flats, was the first to be constructed in Laindon by Basildon Development Corporation. Work on the construction began in
October 1964 on land cleared of pre-new town dwellings, some of which were below the housing standard. The properties were designed by Basildon
Development Corporation's own Department of Architecture and Planning headed by Anthony B. Davies. The were built from a new building material
developed in Sweden called 'Siporex' and had already been trialled on a small 18 home estate at Lee Chapel North. The main contractor was Richard
Costain whose Costain Concrete Company under licence pre-cast the sections at its cement works in Scotland before transportation to Laindon to
be assembled on-site. The properties comprise Danacre, Northey, Rising Grove and Spurriers. The properties proved problematic over time with
costly structural repairs leading to the entire estate - with the exception of 4 blocks of conventional built flats - being demolished in the mid 1990s and
replaced with conventional housing.
Bader House in Witchards, Kingswood opened. This special occupational day centre for the physically
handicapped was named after Douglas Robert Steuart Bader, a disabled World War Two R.A.F. fighter
pilot. Council Chairman Arthur Baron Burn officiated at the opening ceremony.
The revised 1965 Basildon Development Corporation Master Plan public inquiry begins. This inquiry
held at Laindon Community Centre, Aston Road lasted 9 days. It was held by T.F. Thomson, Esq., L.R.I.B.A., Dist.T.P.,
M.T.PL, F.I.L.A., a Department of the Environment Inspector.
British Rail withdraws the goods service from Laindon Station. A goods yard had existed at the
station since the line opened serving a number of local businesses with coal and building
materials. Following closure most of the track in the sidings was lifted though the original goods
shed remained, albeit in derelict condition, until the late 1980s when a permanent car park was created
wiping away all traces of the former goods yard.
Basildon Golf Course off Clay Hill Lane in Kingswood is officially opened. Chairman of both the
council and the development corporation, Arthur Baron Burn and Sir John Macpherson respectively were
in attendance. The 164 acre par-72 municipal course is also home to the privately run Basildon
Golf Club. The course had actually opened on 10th May with Chairman of Basildon Council, Arthur
Baron Burn, making the first drive, and Sir Richard Bonallack taking part in the first game.
Basildon junior football club Armada Sports renamed Basildon United. First game is a pre-season
friendly on August 19th against Bowers United at The Gun ground in London Road, Bowers
Gifford. They joined the Grays & Thurrock Thames-side Combination league followed by the Greater London league for season 1968/69. Home matches
until 1970, when United acquired their own ground at Gardiners Close, were played at Gloucester Park Bowl. Armada Sports, whose nickname was
the Pirates, had formed earlier in 1963.
Chowdhary County Junior School in Markhams Chase, Laindon opened. Mr. Peter Jones is appointed
as the schools first Headmaster. In 1979 the school became a primary after merging with the infant
school but closed in 1996 following a gradual fall in pupil numbers.
The George Hurd Day Centre in Fauners, Basildon opened. The new purpose built centre, which cost
£40,000, was built and eventually run by Basildon Council. Services provided include subsidised
hot meals and a wide range of social and recreational activities for the district's senior citizen's. The
centre is named after the former Vange resident and Labour councillor George Hurd (d.1966 aged 78),
who held a seat in Pitsea from 1963 to 1966 and had been chairman of Vange & Pitsea Old People's
Welfare Committee. In 2008 the centre was rebuilt in Audley Way off Ghyllgrove.
Ford Motor Company open a Research & Engineering Centre on 268 acres of land at
Dunton. Costing over £10 million to complete, Labour Prime Minister Harold Wilson, as special
guest of honour, carried out the opening duties. The new centre, built where Southfields Farm
once stood, even has its own test track facility. It brought together some 2,500 engineers
and technicians who had previously worked at scattered locations. On 24th July, 2007 H.R.H.
Prince Charles, the Prince of Wales, was guest of honour at a ceremony to mark 40 years of
Kingswood Squash Club at Clay Hill Lane, Kingswood opens. Government Minister for Sport, Denis
Howell, carried out the opening ceremony in the new £60,000 building which was designed by Ronald
Cox, A.R.I.B.A. A.W. Hardy & Co. Ltd. of 714 London Road, Leigh-on-Sea were the main contractors involved
in the construction. The club is now known as Club Kingswood and offers a variety of health and
fitness activites from squash to swimming.
The General Post Office (GPO) expand Basildon area code telephone numbers to include Laindon and
Langdon Hills. A new telephone exchange in Northumberland Avenue becomes operational and the Laindon
exchange in High Road (vehicle access from Vowler Road) Langdon Hills is closed and later demolished.
Nether Mayne pedestrian footbridge centre section in place. The steel bridge linking Kingswood with Lee Chapel South had its main centre section lifted
into place by a large crane causing the road to be temporarily closed to traffic. The whole structure, which cost £10,000, was eventually completed and
open to pedestrians in December and remains in use to this day.
Laindon Police Station in Victoria Road and Pitsea Police Station in Rectory Road both close with
all operations now centralised at Great Oaks in Basildon. The closures were initially experimental but proved
permanent and the Laindon building was later demolished in 1970 when Victoria Road was shortened and closed off
to accommodate a new roundabout at its former the junction with St. Nicholas Lane. The Pitsea building was also
later demolished and replaced with police houses, though years later a new police station opened on the same site.
Two 10 & 8 storey tower blocks in Laindon named Royal Court opened by Basildon Urban District
Council. The two blocks, which stand off Brook Mead, were originally conceived as three blocks; the plan later being revised to provide 18 three
bedroomed flats and 36 two bedroomed flats, with the smaller block having 14 three bedroomed
and 28 two bedroomed flats. An enclosed play area and underground garages were also part
of the development. Later a shop opened (Dunnies) and the flats become known as Block A and B. Basildon
Council also established a Laindon/Lee Chapel North area office; active in 1991 and probably
earlier. In the late 2000s following years of antisocial behaviour and general bad feeling
towards the blocks a new development scheme to replace the two blocks with new housing was given
the go ahead and by December 2010 the last residents of Royal Court had vacated. Demolition,
though initially set for mid 2011, finally began in October, 2011 with both towers removed
from the skyline by December.
Link, Basildon District Council's free quarterly information newspaper begins distribution. The
first edition is delivered to around 37,000 homes in the district. It was soon produced every
month but cuts in the 1980s reduced this to 9 editions over the year by which time circulation
had increased to 65,000 homes. In the 1990s Link was replaced with the District Diary which in
December 2010 became the Borough Diary reflecting the council's new status as a borough.
Basildon Development Corporation's revised Master Plan to increase the population within the designated area receives Government approval from
Anthony Greenwood, MP, Minister at the Ministry of Housing and Local Government. The corporation had proposed an increase from 106,000 to 140,000
which the Minister accepted in principle with the deletion of two proposed housing developments at Hawkesbury and Kingston Ridge, reducing the total by
Millhouse Junior School in Tavistock Road. Laindon opened.
Northlands Infant School in Winifred Road, Pitsea, opened. Mrs. Gladys Stewart is appointed the
first Headmisress, a post she remained in through to her retirement in August 1979.
Tenants move into newly built properties on the Vange 3C estate. The estate, comprising rented accommodation of 2, 3 and 4 bedroomed houses and
flats, was constructed on behalf of Basildon Development Corporation. New street names introduced include Oldwyck, Polsteads and Swanstead. Unfortunately
the estate got off to a bad start as the following year tenants began complaining of damp, which would require expensive remedial work.
Mr. William M. Balch, F.R.I.C.S. succeeds Sir John MacPherson as Chairman of Basildon Development
Corporation. Sir John retired on 31/12/1967.
A new 33⅓ metre Championship size swimming pool at Gloucester Park in Broadmayne opens. Built
to a depth of 12½ft and featuring 3 diving boards, the facility also includes a second teaching
pool, spectator gallery and a 1st floor cafe. Public toilets serving the park were also incorporated
into the design. The official opening was held in June by which time over 100,000 had used the
new facility. In the 1990s the cafe was moved downstairs and a gym called The Pulse Fitness Centre
eventually opened on the 1st floor. The pool closed on Sunday 24th April, 2011 when the Basildon
Sporting Village, which included a new 50metre swimming pool, was completed opening the following
weekend 30th April, 2011.
Murryfield sports pavilion in Gloucester Park officially opened. The pavilion, which was built
at a cost of around £30,000, was a joint venture between Basildon Council and the Murryfield Real
Estate Company. It was demolished in 2011 and replaced with a new single storey pavilion when the bowls green was
re-acommodated from its former home at the southern end of Gloucester Park.
Basildon Urban District Council apply to the Magistrates Court in Billericay for permission to close off Sparrows Herne on the Kingswood estate
at its junction with Nether Mayne. Following permission access to Nether Mayne is now via a new curve into Lee Woottens Lane to a new roundabout,
under construction during 1967, for the eventual opening of Basildon hospital and College of Further Education. The footpath into Nether Mayne
Highways Act 1959, Section 108 and 12th Schedule Stopping up of Highways.
The Basildon Hebrew Congregation Synagogue at Park Lodge in High Road, Langdon Hills opened. The
Congregation had previously held services in various local halls over a 12 year period. In attendance
was local labour MP. Eric Moonman and the Chairman of Basildon Council Coun. Arthur Baron Burn. The
house was registered as a place of worship until 02/07/1976 when the congregation transferred services
to a house called "Whiteways" in Basildon Road, Laindon until approx. 1994 when they merged with
Southend and Westcliff Hebrew Congregation.
St. Paul's Methodist Church in Ballards Walk, Lee Chapel North officially opened &
dedicated. The methodist movement in Lee Chapel North began in 1962 when a small congregation
formed during the early years of the estate's construction under the title St. Paul's House. A
youth club, Sunday School and mid-week fellowship were soon established and Sunday services were
held in constructor's Gilbert Ash's canteen. A Methodist Meeting House was also established at
17 Delimands. The foundation stone, seen to the left of the front entrance, was laid on 7th October,
1967 by the Chairman of the London North East District of the Methodist Church, Rev. Frank C. Eden
and Rev. John Tiarks, Bishop of Chelmsford.
Gloucester Park Swimming Pool officially opened. Chairman of Basildon Council Arthur Baron
Burn carried out the opening duties. The championship size pool was designed by Council
architect Kenneth Cotton.
Basildon Natural History Society established. The Society, formed by a group of voluntary enthusiasts
dedicated to the study of the areas fauna, flora and green issues, hold regular meetings and have
undertaken many projects where the aim is the conservation and preservation of woodland for future
generations to enjoy. The initial idea for the Society came from founding member and secretary
Peter Baldwin. Another founding member is Harry Peck whose surname was later given to an artificial
pond created at the Marks Hill nature reserve in Langdon Hills. Mr. Vic Wiseman was the Society's
first Chairman, which in 1983 became a registered charity.
Millhouse Infants School in Tavistock Road. Laindon opened. The new school was built to serve
the growing population on the north side of Laindon and as a replacement for Laindon Park where
pupil numbers were just 60 at the time of opening. The council intended to reduce pupil numbers
at Laindon Park with the eventual aim of demolishing it. In the event Laindon Park remained
open. The first appointed Head Teacher was Mrs. E.M. Cockshaw. The schools' playing field was
laid out over a previously residential road called Ashleaves Avenue.
Local reorganisation of secondary education along comprehensive lines introduced. Two immediate changes implemented are the mergers of Barstable Grammar & Technical School and Timberlog County Secondary School to form Barstable Comprehensive, and Fryerns Grammar & Technical School and Craylands County Secondary School to become Fryerns Comprehensive School.
Northlands Junior School in Winifred Road, Pitsea, opened. Mr. Leslie Inman is appointed the
Blessed Anne Line Roman Catholic Infant School opened. The first Headmistress was Miss Brenda Doherty
who remained in charge until the early 1990s when she retired. Her successor was Gillian
Durnian. Sometime in the 1970s the schools' name was shortened to Anne Line and changed again to
St. Anne Line which it remains today. In the 2000s a detached classroom was added which from
January 2007 became a nursery. A small addition to the infant block was also completed in 2008.
The Arts Centre in Towngate, Basildon opened by Chairman of the Arts Council of Great Britain, Lord
Goodman. The days opening entertainment began with a production of Susan Glaspell's "Trifles",
performed by the Basildon Players, followed by a performance by the Basildon Choral Society. Basildon
Operatic Society also performed and the first film screened was Czechoslovakian director Zdenek
Podskalsky's "Never strike a lady". Built as a temporary theatre at a cost of £100,000 with
seating for approx 500, it became the Towngate Theatre and Arts Centre in January 1976 and lasted
until the new permanent Towngate Theatre opened in April 1988. It was operated by the council
and designed in house by a team of council employees including Ken S. Cotton, A.R.I.B.A. Vin Harrop
was appointed as the first manager. Additional features included a fully licensed restaurant and
an upstairs bar and a Towngate 2 facility with workshop and a stage for live performance.
H.R.H. Katharine, Duchess of Kent visits St. Martin's Church in Basildon to officially dedicate the
porch and modern sculpture of Christ by the artist Thomas Bayliss Huxley-Jones. It was his last
completed work. The Duchess also visited the newly opened Arts Centre where she signed the visitors book.
Basildon Urban District Council receive permission from the Minster of Transport to close off Bells Hill Road (North) section from its junction with
Nether Mayne. Following closure only a footpath was retained and the remaining portion of Bells Hill Road to Sparrows Herne was renamed Clay
Road Traffic Regulation Act, 1967. The Urban District of Basildon Bells Hill Road (North) / Nethermayne Junction (Prohibition of
Driving) Order 1968.
The Irish Club in Basildon Road, Laindon opened. The new club, created to serve the local Irish
population, was formally opened by Councillor John Costello, the club's President, in surroundings
previously known as Essex Country Club. Special guest at the opening was local constituency M.P.,
Eric Moonman. The building, which dates back to 1928 when it first opened as Laindon Park Country
Club, was later taken over by Basildon Development Corporation who then rented it back to the club
in the knowledge it would eventually be demolished.
The Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Michael Ramsey visits Basildon. Dr. Ramsey addressed a large
congregation at St. Martin's Church in the town centre. To date this remains the first and only
time that an Archbishop of Canterbury has visited Basildon.
Pitsea War Memorial at the Station Lane junction with the High Road is moved to Howard Park. It was
unveiled in November 1928 to the memory of the men from Pitsea and Bowers Gifford who fell in the
Laindon Industrial Estate off Durham Road reaches completion. The estate, coverering Wrexham and Denbigh Roads, was the first to be completed
in Laindon by the development corporation and soon attracted many businesses, some already established within the Laindon area. J.H. Rawley plant
hire were one of the first to move in along with Jeakins Removals, T.E. Collins ironmonger business and R.A. Turner, who had operated a scrap metal
yard in Durham Road for many years.
The Salvation Army building in Fauners, Basildon opened. The new centre was built at a cost of
around £25,000 and included an officers' quarters and a large lounge with television. At the
opening ceremony builder Mr. J. Wiggins cut the tape aided by George and Amy Mansfield who helped
run the old S.A. Laindon hall in Northumberland Avenue. Among others present were Council Chairman,
Terry Chapman, Rural Dean, Rev. Arthur Dunlop and the Hadleigh Salvation Army Band.
The Radion cinema (formerly Laindon Picture Theatre) in High Road, Laindon closes. The final
film is the thriller 'Wait until dark' starring Audrey Hepburn. The building, which was
situated on the corner of New Century Road and owned by former chairman of Basildon
Council Bert Phelps, was then used for Bingo sessions before being demolished during 1969 as
part of a road widening project that saw the creation of two roundabouts and a length of
duel carriageway between Laindon Link and St. Nicholas Lane.
The new Pitsea Market opens. Situated on the southern side of the High Road, the new 172 stall
market, housed in four 30ft high domes marked A to D, replaces the original market site which was
required to allow the new South Mayne A132 feeder road to link with Pitsea. The Wednesday and
Saturday market was initially held solely within the domes until permission was given to allow
traditional outdoor stalls to be used as well. The move to the new site was a temporary one
which lasted until January 1978 when the market moved again, this time to Northlands Pavement at the rear of the Railway
public house and Broadway North shops. A further move, in 2014, saw it resited on the former Railway public house, demolished
the previous year.
Tenants begin moving in to newly completed properties on the Fryerns XI estate at Craylands. The 500+ home estate, combining two, three and four
bedroomed houses and ground floor/upper floor maisonettes and flats, was built in two phases by contractors J.E. Lesser Ltd on behalf of Basildon
Development Corporation. The layout consists of a series of short cul-de-sacs off two main feeder roads; these being Craylands and Lincoln Road. The street names, with the exception of Craylands, are
derived from english cathedrals and include Chichester Close, Exeter Close, Hereford Walk, The Lichfields, Lincoln Road, Norwich Walk, Peterborough
Way, Rochester Way, Southwark Path and Wells Gardens. Phase II, which consisted of 205 houses and 57 garages, was completed by the end of
1970. The estate is commonly referred to as Craylands, after the former Craylands Farm that occupied land on which the estate was constructed. In
the 1970s additional properties were built at Canterbury Close and Chester Way.
The Evening Echo newspaper launched. Covering daily news stories from the Southend, Canvey Island,
Rayleigh and Basildon areas of Essex, the 'Echo', initially available in broadsheet, switched to
tabloid size in 1984, and has continued to provide local news right up to the present. The paper
is produced at owners John H. Burrows & Sons purpose built printing works at Newspaper House, Chester
Hall Lane, Basildon. In the 1990s a Basildon edition became available, which from 29th November 2004 had
become 'Basildon Echo' having lost its evening prefix as a result of being sold earlier in the
day. From June 12th, 2006 its front banner changed again, this time to Echo, though from 17th May,
2010 the word Basildon in small light black capital letters returned and the paper now includes news
from the Thurrock district. From 10/08/2009 its tabloid size was slighly reduced. The Echo, which
is now published by Newsquest Essex, also launched its own website in the 2000s offering on-line
news stories and an archive as well as many other interactive features.
The first shops at the new Laindon Shopping Centre begin opening. The complex would later
include a public house, and also house the local library until the early 2000s.
Text researched and written by William Cox, 2001 with revisions and additions 2002-2015.
Copyright © 2001-2015, B. Cox - Basildon History Online. All rights reserved.
Acknowledgements and Bibliography